When it comes to the renewable energy sector, wind power is one of the fastest-growing energy technologies. Wind energy is a form of energy where wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical power for generating electricity.
Depending on where the wind turbine is erected, wind energy can be divided into two types: Offshore and Onshore wind energy. The energy obtained by harnessing the force of the wind that is created on the high sea areas is called offshore wind energy. For utilizing most of this resource, mega-structures seated on the seabed and equipped with the latest technical innovations are installed. On the other hand, onshore wind energy is associated to produce electricity by harnessing the wind from wind farms situated on land areas.
In a wind farm, the wind spins the wind turbine blades which then spins a magnet inside a coil of conductor to produce electricity. All the wind turbines are connected by underground cables to a power substation where the low-voltage electricity is converted into high-voltage renewable electricity.
As of today, many successful offshore and onshore wind energy projects are running around the world. However, though wind energy offers many advantages, it has significant challenges as well. In this article, we will let you know the challenges and potentials of wind energy.
– Most cases it is seen that good land-based sites are located too far from the cities or towns where electricity is needed most. Building transmission lines to bring the electricity from the wind farm to the city is still one of the challenges of wind energy.
– The wind turbines used in the wind farms might create noise and sound pollution nearby. Although compared to conventional power plants, wind power plants have relatively little impact on the environment, noise to the landscape is still a concerning factor.
– Challenges are seen when the question of the most profitable use of the land arises. In most cases, alternative uses of the land turn out to be more profitable and highly valued than electricity generation.
– Wind power plants can harm wildlife. Many birds are seen to be killed by the spinning turbine blades of the wind farm. In recent times, the rate of killing of bats along with many other species has increased at an alarming rate.
– Wind power is an easily available and cost-effective source of energy. In Particular, the land-based utility-scale wind is still one of the lowest-priced sources of energy available at present. Electricity from wind farms is sold over a long period and at a fixed rate along with free fuel make it easily affordable unlike the traditional energy sources with price uncertainty.
– It is a clean fuel source and doesn’t pollute the air like fossil fuels such as oil and coal. Almost all fossil fuels generate greenhouse gases which have a very bad impact on the environment. Wind turbines don’t produce such types of emissions.
– It creates jobs and contributes to reducing unemployment. Recent statistics have shown that more than 100,000 people are working in the wind sector in the USA and it has the potential to support 600,000 more jobs by the year 2050. With its several forms like maintenance, installation, manufacturing, and supporting services it is creating a huge number of jobs worldwide.
– Wind is said to be a form of solar energy and thus, it is sustainable. It is caused due to the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun and also the rotation of the earth. As long as the sunlight exists and the wind blows, the energy production will never stop.
There are challenges of wind energy but, the advantages of it are more highlighting and shining at the top. Wind power is becoming more affordable and effective and thereby, it is now one of the fastest-growing sources of energy and becoming more popular day by day.
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